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托福听力:有一种听力不好叫“所有单词都听懂也做不对题”

2019-12-18

 托福听力:有一种听力不好叫“所有单词都听懂也做不对题”

  1. 听不懂地道简单的生活用语。

  因为传统的中国英语教学中学习到的都是过于正式或者老套的说法,而对日常的地道的口语表达非常陌生。比如我们学的打招呼的方式是”How are you?” 或者”How do you do?” 当听到外国人以平常语速说出”How is it going?” 或者”How are you doing?” 的时候,反应不过来别人在说什么。类似的情况在新托福听力当中比比皆是,建议童鞋们每篇听力材料里的这种表达记下来,或者搜索抄录常见的美式地道口语表达,日积月累。以下视为大家整理的部分:

  1.anything but

  听力原句:

  Librarian:Oh, well I guess you might think that. But when I saw it back then it was anything but boring.

  语境释义:并不;一点也不

  注:近似词组nothing but意为“只不过是”,例如:It's nothing but a joke.

  2.in such short notice

  听力原句:

  Student:Hi, thanks for seeing me in such short notice.

  语境释义:如此仓促

  3.in person

  听力原句:

  Manager: Right, the choir. It’s nice to finally meet you in person. So, you are having problems with...

  语境释义:亲自,当面

  4.high-end

  听力原句:

  Pro: Ok, basically they have to offer things that most people can find anywhere else, you know quality, that means better exercise equipment,high-end stuff, and classes-exercise classes may be aerobics.

  语境释义:高端的

  5.drive…home

  听力原句:

  Therefore, it’s best to be a non-conformist – to do your own thing, not worrying about what other people think. That’s an important point. He really drives this argument home throughout the essay.

  语境释义:把(论点、问题等)讲得透彻、明白

  6.go down the drain

  听力原句:

  Student: I know, but I didn’t want to risk the project going down the drain.

  语境释义:前功尽弃,付诸东流

  8.start from scratch

  听力原句:

  Student: But we’ve got all the sources and it’s due next week. We don’t have time to start from scratch.

  语境释义:从头开始

  9.come down to

  听力原句:

  It’s been shaped by constraints over vast stretches of time, all of which comes down to the fact that the best foraging strategy for beavers isn’t the one that yields the most food or wood.

  语境释义:归结为

  10.open spot

  听力原句:

  I am afraid we don’t have any openings at lunch time. A lot of students want to work then, so it is really rare for us to have an open spot at that time of day.

  语境释义:职位空缺

  

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  11.be at odds with

  听力原句:

  They try to fit in with the rest of the world even though it’s at odds with their beliefs and their identities.

  语境释义:与…相违背、相冲突

  注:在听力中该短语会有连读,要多听。

  12.low key

  听力原句:

  Pro: Oh, that's very thoughtful of you, Eric, but it will be low key, nothing flashy. That's not her style.

  语境释义:低调的,不张扬的

  13.tongue in cheek

  听力原句:

  But if you took away all the DNA that codes for genes, you still have maybe 70% of the DNA left over. That’s the so-called JUNK DNA. Though the word junk is used sort of tongue in cheek.

  语境释义:半开玩笑地

  14.pull them from thin air

  听力原句:

  To begin, how do we create fictional characters? We don’t just pull them from thin air, do we? I mean we don’t create them out of nothing.

  语境释义:凭空捏造

  2. 听不懂言下之意

  说白了,就是考某句话的深层含义。这样的题目是在中国大多数英语考试当中没有的,因此很多考生会觉得很不适应。

  例如:

  一学生在办公室问学校工作人员”I am supposed to be having my class right now, but I can’t find my classroom, do you know where it is?”

  而工作人员答道”There is a room assignment sheet on the bulletin board outside this office.”

  学生在问“教室在哪”,老师的回答是”办公室外的公告栏上有教室分配表”。题目问老师是什么意思。对于此类题目,考生们要摒弃只考虑单个句子意思,在语境中理解句子的能力。


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